IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007) : THEME B: Data Acquisition and Processing For Scientific Knowledge and Public Awareness. : Sustainable water management - harmonizing hydropower projects with the environment, natural resou...
Sustainable water management - harmonizing hydropower projects with the environment, natural resources and society.
Author : Dalen Kari.
Although most renewable energy technologies are environmentally sound in theory, all of them can have negative impacts on the environment if poorly planned [21]. This is also the fact for hydropower projects. And as energy prices keep rising, the potential for conflicts between investors and the other interests in the water system is likely to increase. A wellfunctioning regulatoryframework and good practice guidelines are essential to assure sustainable hydropower projects, and thereby contribute to sustainable water management. Hydropower has got numerable assets, such as a relatively large life cycle, relatively low maintenance costs, possible small impacts on the water systems, and little or no contamination. Yet, there are many interests involved in a hydropower project, and this complicates the optimization of these projects. The interests include the environment (e.g. landscape and visual aspects), the natural resources (e.g. fauna and flora) and the society (social, economical, legal and political aspects). This article aims to give a review of some of the relevant approaches and mitigation measures in the process of harmonizing a hydropower project with the other interests in the water system. It is a challenge to balance the diversity of approaches, there is no formula to develop the perfect project preserving all the interests. Yet keywords in the process of optimizing decisions should be early awareness and competence. A successful hydro power project is not alone produced by clever project management within the developer organization; the external conditions will in many cases be more deciding. The including and integration of knowledge from a variety of different special fields in all phases of planning and accomplishment will increase the probability of taking care of the totality. The suggested guidelines are not only significant when it comes to environment. Early identification and mitigation planning to address possible environmental-related financial, legal and reputational risks prior to an investment decision should be in the interest of all developers and investors of hydro project. The assessment is illustrated with examples from Norway, giving the reader some cases that are special for Norwegian conditions, and some cases that might apply in general. Norway is an interesting case, as the hydropower tradition and experience is long, and sustainable and environmental-friendly politics are emphasized.
File Size : 251,034 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007)
Article : THEME B: Data Acquisition and Processing For Scientific Knowledge and Public Awareness.
Date Published : 01/07/2007
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