IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007) : THEME A: Engineering and Management of Fresh-water Systems : The initiation of avulsions mechanism and case study
The initiation of avulsions mechanism and case study
Author : Dean Judd , Robert Keller, Ian Rutherfurd , John Tilleard
The scouring of a new river channel, an avulsion, is important to river and floodplain evolution. Despite their ubiquity in Australia, the initiation of avulsions and anabranching river patterns is poorly understood. This inhibits the research and management of many of Australia's river systems. Researchers have proposed a number of ways in which avulsions are initiated, but there have been no quantitative tests of the various explanations. In this study, we use quasi-two-dimensional numerical hydraulic modelling to explore the initiation mechanisms for avulsions. The modelling, applied to a case study on the Ovens River, suggests that the key mechanism for the development of avulsion channels is upstream progressing scour from the flow re-entry point at the downstream end. Initiation from a paleochannel or deferred junction tributary is also possible. Furthermore, it was found that, contrary to previously-published work, an avulsion was not initiated by major floods. Rather, it was initiated by small to moderate low recurrence interval flood events.
File Size : 143,586 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007)
Article : THEME A: Engineering and Management of Fresh-water Systems
Date Published : 01/07/2007
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