IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 33rd Congress - Vancouver (2009) : Topic A: Advances in the Fundamentals of Water Science and Engineering : The dynamics of bed-forms around scour holes
The dynamics of bed-forms around scour holes
Author : Cristian Escauriaza and Fotis Sotiropoulos
In this investigation we develop a CFD model to simulate the localized erosion and pattern formation produced by the turbulent horseshoe vortex system (HSV) around a cylindrical pier. We carry out detached eddy simulations (DES) of the 3D flow past the cylinder in clear-water scour conditions, and implement a novel unsteady bed-load transport and erosion model to determine the sediment flux in non-equilibrium conditions to compute the instantaneous bed elevation. A remarkable process captured by our model is the development of bed-forms along the legs of the HSV system. The interaction of the vortical structures with the wall produces a bed instability that grows and propagates, generating ripples that travel and merge in the downstream direction showing the same dynamic features observed in experiments. This is the first 3D computational model to fully capture the formation and development of bed-forms, coupling the bed dynamics with the flow. The results also suggest that the model will constitute a powerful tool to understand the dynamics of bed-forms and its relation to the coherent structures in turbulent flows.
File Size : 666,565 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 33rd Congress - Vancouver (2009)
Article : Topic A: Advances in the Fundamentals of Water Science and Engineering
Date Published : 09/08/2009
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