IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 1: Extremes and Variability : Development of appropriate criteria for the safety and stability of persons and vehicles in floods
Development of appropriate criteria for the safety and stability of persons and vehicles in floods
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The safety of people in floods is of major concern in floodplain management. Human activity in floodways is inevitable with much development already in flood prone areas. The safety of people can be compromised when exposed to flows which exceed their ability to remain standing or when the vehicles they are travelling in are exposed to flows which cause the vehicle to become unstable by losing traction or becoming buoyant. Over the last four decades, numerous studies have been undertaken within Australia and internationally to define the limits of human and vehicle stability within differing flow regimes. The current safety guidelines within Australia are based primarily on the results of experimental studies undertaken in the late 1960s and early 1970s (Bonham and Hattersley, 1967; Foster and Cox, 1973; Gordon and Stone, 1973) and more recent numerical assessments (Keller and Mitsch, 1993). However, substantial changes in vehicle design have occurred since these early studies, notably in vehicle planform area, vehicle weight and ground clearance and the results of these earlier studies may no longer be representative of contemporary vehicles. This paper reviews early work, collates and discusses subsequent experimental testing, empirical expressions and safety guidelines derived from the range of studies. The entire data-set of relevant experimental results is re-analysed and tolerable conditions related to human and vehicle safety and safe working conditions are presented.
File Size : 507,259 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 1: Extremes and Variability
Date Published : 07/08/2012
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