IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 1: Extremes and Variability : The ineptitude of traditional loss paradigms in a 2d direct rainfall model
The ineptitude of traditional loss paradigms in a 2d direct rainfall model
Author :
The direct rainfall approach, a relatively recent method in rainfall runoff models, is commonly combined with traditional loss models that subtract a depth of rainfall from the hyetograph prior to its application. The direct rainfall method removes a second loss value; by applying rainfall to each cell of the DEM, it removes a depth of rainfall via the pit cells in the DEM. The relative effect of this second loss mechanism is examined here, to ascertain whether losses may be being accounted for twice. The effect was measured by determining the depth of rainfall captured by pit cells in several DEM, as well as the effect pit cells may have on the outlet hydrograph. Pit cells in the DEM were found to remove a depth of water that acted as a second loss mechanism when a traditional loss model was also applied, as well as potentially severely attenuating the peak discharge at the catchment outlet. As the effect was found to vary between catchments, as well as with DEM resolution, it was concluded that the behaviour of losses in a direct rainfall model is inherently complex and requires a high degree of user familiarity and expertise.
File Size : 345,695 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 1: Extremes and Variability
Date Published : 08/08/2012
Download Now