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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Water engineering : Pressure, velocity and boundary layer distributions on an embankment weir
Pressure, velocity and boundary layer distributions on an embankment weir
Physical experiments were conducted on a large size embankment weir with upstream and downstream ramps of 1V:2H and
rounded corners for a range of flow conditions 0.042 H/Lcrest < 0.321 corresponding to flow rates of 0.011 Q 0.226 m3/s. The
experiments highlighted non-hydrostatic pressures and a rapid redistribution of velocities at the upstream and downstream ends of the
crest. At the downstream end negative pressures were observed for the largest flow rates indicating a risk of cavitation. Both velocity
distributions and free-surface profiles showed some self-similarity. A turbulent boundary layer developed at the upstream crest edge
and the growth of the boundary layer properties was in close agreement with the smooth turbulent boundary layer theory. The bed
shear stresses were calculated on the crest and a close agreement of average dimensionless bed shear stresses were observed for
the law of the wall and the momentum integral methods (/( g H) 0.0018). The dimensionless discharge coefficients of the present
experiments were best correlated splitting the data into long- and broad-crested weirs. The present discharge coefficients were in
close agreement with previous broad-crested weir studies with upstream rounded corners. The increase of the discharge capacity of a
broad-crested weir is best achieved through the rounding of the upstream corner rather than the design with an upstream slope.
File Size : 658,381 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Water engineering
Date Published : 14/08/2015
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