IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Sediment management and morphodynamics : Effects of river morphological change on inundation modelling during extreme
Effects of river morphological change on inundation modelling during extreme
Flooding modelling has generally concentrated on clear-water simulation without the incorporation of morphological
change. However, field evidence shows that extreme floods can cause significant changes in the river channel.
Increasingly attention has been paid to the influences of morphological changes within floods. Yet, the significance of
morphological changes on inundation modelling is still unclear and debated in the research community. A sequence of
floods might result in much more severe channel adjustments which will influence flood dynamics more significantly.
Existing studies have left largely unexplored the effects of cumulative morphological changes on inundation modelling
during extreme flood sequences. To extend knowledge in this field, this study explores how morphological changes affect
flood hydraulics during a sequence of extreme floods and how the channel adjustments resulting from an event influence
the hydrodynamics of the next event. A recently updated 2D hydro-morphodynamic model is used to simulate a series of
hypothesised scenarios with and without river morphological change within a sequence of glacial outburst floods in
southern Iceland. The full-scale river channel is 9 km long with width varying from 100m to 500m. The results show that
the river morphological changes have much more significant impacts on flood dynamics during the latter floods of the
sequence; thus, the necessity to consider a sequence of events is demonstrated. The assumption of unchanging of river
morphology during inundation modelling might be open to question.
File Size : 1,014,129 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Sediment management and morphodynamics
Date Published : 17/08/2015
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