IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Flood risk management and adaptation : Assessment of design flood levels on the danube using probabilistic simulations
Assessment of design flood levels on the danube using probabilistic simulations
Flood levels of the Hungarian reach of the Danube River, established in the 1970s, were recently updated to reflect changes in physical conditions, using better statistical estimates from longer hydrographs and probabilistic numerical simulations. It is hard to define a single design flood event that is characterised by a return period of 100 years in all reaches of a river system. Instead, the stochastic character of floods was resolved by Monte-Carlo simulation. Daily flow hydrographs were generated to major inflow boundaries for a period of thousands of years using a hybrid Markov chain-based time series model with fitted statistical properties. Using this hydrological forcing, floods were then routed through the river system using a 1D hydrodynamic model. The design flood level at a particular river section was determined as the highest level of all simulated years when the simulated peak discharge stayed below the 100-year streamflow derived from historical observations. This constraint was extended to a sufficiently long reach downstream of that river section to account for the backwater effect of tributaries' extreme floods. The design flood levels on the upper Hungarian Danube determined in this new study turned out to be 1 to 1.5 m higher than the old ones.
File Size : 424,121 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Flood risk management and adaptation
Date Published : 17/08/2015
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