IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Flood risk management and adaptation : Analysis of spatial and temporal variability of meteorological drought vulnerability in the blue nil...
Analysis of spatial and temporal variability of meteorological drought vulnerability in the blue nile river basin
Future climate scenarios predict in general an increase in the temporal variability of hydro-climatic conditions. Around the rising trend in average temperature and rainfall, interannual and seasonal variation will increase. This will result in more frequent and more intense extreme events such as droughts. Drought affects many aspects of environment and society, and any future increases in the demand for water will be most critical in periods of severe drought. The identification, monitoring and characterization of droughts are of great importance in water resources planning and management. The water resource of the Blue Nile River is of key regional importance to the eastern Nile basin countries (Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt). The Blue Nile originates from Lake Tana in the Ethiopian Highlands and contributes about 60ĘC69% of the main Nile discharge. In this study, spatial and temporal dimensions of meteorological drought in in Blue Nile basin were investigated from vulnerability concept. Analysis of historical droughts was undertaken by converting observed monthly precipitation time series, of 11 meteorological stations over a 48-years period, to the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI). The standardized precipitation index (SPI) was computed at multiple-time steps and the Mann ĘC Kendall test was applied on monthly SPI time series for trend detection. Results indicate that droughts randomly affect the region and several drought events contain mild, moderate severe, and extreme droughts were observed during the long rainy season (June to September) and the short rainy season flow (March to May) as well. Trend analysis showed that most of the detected trends are statistically insignificant. Severity and frequency analysis of the monthly SPI index for studied station indicated that, on average, more than 35% of the months in all stations experienced droughts and their intensity various from moderate to extreme and the intense droughts were during the 1980s
File Size : 1,261,232 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Flood risk management and adaptation
Date Published : 18/08/2015
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