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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Sediment management and morphodynamics : ٣d numerical investigation sediment transport and bed morphology at river channel confluences
٣d numerical investigation sediment transport and bed morphology at river channel confluences
Author : MOHAMMAD ROSTAMI(١) , EBRAHIM AMIRI TOKALDANI(٢) & MARZIYE SARVARI(٣)
ABSTRACT
Confluence is the hydraulic singularity where two or more channels (or rivers) converge in a single channel downstream.
In fluvial networks, stream channel confluences produce significant changes in flow, sediment transport and water quality.
Although over the last ٦٠ years, the synergy between laboratory tests and field measurements has provided valuable
information about the complex hydro-morpho-sedimentary processes acting in river confluence zones, but less numerical
study as a cost-effective tool has been conducted in this area. The objective of the present paper is to investigate in detail
the changes in the hydro-morpho-sedimentary processes occurring in confluence zone using a numerical model. A ٣D
CFD commercial model selected for this study solves Navier-Stocks equations with finite volume method. Selected
turbulence model is RNG - model and the bed-load transport model is based on Shields number. In the absence of field
data, experimental data for channel confluence collected in the laboratory were used to verify the simulated results.
Experiments were performed in a confluence flume where the main channel is ٨.٥ m long and ٠.٥٠ m wide. A ٤.٩ m long
and ٠.١٥ m wide tributary channel is connected at an angle of ٩٠. Three discharge scenarios were tested. Numerical
model was performed as the same geometry, flow and sediment data which used in experimental work. Satisfactory
agreement was found between computed and measured flow pattern, bed load and bed elevation in the laboratory. The
simulated bed profiles in the confluence zone compared well with the experimental data. The statistical analysis showed
numerical model with an error of about less than ١٢ % might become a useful tool for predicting bed morphology changes
including maximum depth and width of sediment deposit and maximum depth of bed erosion in river confluences.
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Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Sediment management and morphodynamics
Date Published : 18/08/2015
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