IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Water engineering : Experimental evaluation of a rubble mound with one layer cubic blocks using video image analysis
Experimental evaluation of a rubble mound with one layer cubic blocks using video image analysis
The armour layer of traditional rubble mound breakwaters is in general designed and built with two layers of blocks. However, in recent projects, one single layer of special blocks has been proposed and used (e.g. Accropode). The main reason for this is the cost reduction due to the decrease in the number of blocks needed.
The main objective of this work is to analyze the evaluation of the stability of models of cubic blocks rubble mounds in a single armour layer structure, and to take this into account in future developments. The physical tests performed in the Hydraulics Laboratory of the Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto were also planned to analyze the velocity fields near the breakwater through image processing techniques.
With this experimental setup, it was possible to study, not only the general behavior of the armour layer, but also the influence of the blocks’ density, the characteristics of the filter layer underneath the cubic blocks, the wave steepness and the depth at the breakwater’s toe.
This study tries to explain the origin and evolution of damage on the exposed layer of the structure. The interpretation of the effects on the physical model was supported by the outcome from the processed images, namely through the velocity fields, the dynamic areas and the envelope of the flow near the breakwater. At the same time, information regarding wave reflection on the structure was also obtained. The performance of the cubic blocks in a single armour layer structure was satisfactory, proving that this can be an alternative to the traditional solutions, with economic benefits..
File Size : 609,892 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Water engineering
Date Published : 18/08/2015
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