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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Sediment management and morphodynamics : Consideration of three-dimensional flow and transport phenomena in morphological models of inland wa...
Consideration of three-dimensional flow and transport phenomena in morphological models of inland waterways
The close interaction of geometric, granulometric and fluid mechanical effects and their influence on bed-forming
processes in alluvial waterways require the highest possible temporal and spatial resolution approach. Particularly the
three-dimensional effects of the flow close to construction works and along river bends play a crucial role. It is quite
obvious that 3D flow models allow a better prediction of morphological processes, contradicted, however, by the much
higher modelling effort, especially regarding practical problems. This conflict led to the investigation of the potential of
three-dimensional flow modelling to describe morphological processes better than by 2D depth-average models. Further,
the study, implementation and application of different shear stress approaches stood in the foreground of a R & D
project of which the main results are presented in this paper.
Based on well-documented flume tests in meander models of different curvature ratios 2D and 3D simulations have
been performed. For the modelling of a practical problem a stretch of a German inland waterway was selected. The กฐ2D
sediment transport model Middle Lower Rhine" (Rhine-km 730.0 to 776.5) was reduced to the core region of the curve
and reverse curve between Rhine-km 739.0 and Rhine-km 749.0 and complemented by a 3D model. The comparison of
the 2D and 3D models has shown that with a specific parameterization used in the 2D depth-averaged model the effects
of the secondary motion can be sufficiently taken into account in regions of curvature. Due to the direct simulation of
such effects and a better approach to the in-situ data, however, the higher computation costs of the 3D model can be
justified in certain cases. Therefore, both model approaches should in particular be operated in river sections with strong
bends. In this way, the results of the simpler 2D model can be evaluated and further adjusted to the specifics of the river
File Size : 3,205,158 bytes
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Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Sediment management and morphodynamics
Date Published : 18/08/2015
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