IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Water resources and hydroinformatics : Rainfall erosivity and soil crusting effects on large water erosion events in central chile
Rainfall erosivity and soil crusting effects on large water erosion events in central chile
Author : ROC®™O A. C®¶SPEDES(1) & CARLOS A. BONILLA(2)
ABSTRACT Soil erosion by water is a discrete process that is mainly controlled by a small number of extreme events. This process is also affected by soil properties and land use. The aim of this study was to characterize the largest soil loss events in Central Chile and the effects of soil crusting in the occurrence of these events. The Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model was used with actual data of rainfall, climate and soil properties measured at six sites located in Central Chile. Two scenarios of land use management were modelled: One with soil surface crusting over the time and one with soil tillage every month to prevent the crusting. In both scenarios the top 5% of total erosive events explained more than 30% of total eroded soil in each site. The magnitude of these events was high, both in storm erosivity and runoff. Results showed that soil crusting increased the number of erosive events but reduced the amount of eroded soil. Under this condition, the size of the extreme events was mainly controlled by storm erosivity. On the other hand, when soil crusting was removed; runoff and soil erodibility must be considered in addition to storm erosivity in order to predict sediment delivery. These results reveal the impact of tillage operation on soil erosion and the convenience of using the extreme erosion events information when designing soil and water conservation practices.
File Size : 415,210 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Water resources and hydroinformatics
Date Published : 18/08/2015
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