IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Extreme events, natural variability and climate change : Regionalized extreme flows by means of stochastic storm generation coupled with a distributed hydrol...
Regionalized extreme flows by means of stochastic storm generation coupled with a distributed hydrological model. the case of the basque country
An adequate flood risk management within a certain region or country should be based on a detailed knowledge of
actual flood hazards, being extreme flows the most influential factor while defining potential flood-prone areas. While the
use of long measured river flow series is clearly desirable to infer design discharges for different return periods, their
availability and reliability are not always good enough to ensure that the related statistical analysis is representative. In
those scenarios, the application of hydrological modelling based on design storms is a widely-used and accurate option
providing an acceptable calibration/validation process is made.
However, adopting this path implies that antecedent soil moisture conditions and spatial-temporal distribution of rainfall
must be dealt with. As an alternative, a promising methodology for obtaining extreme flows in a regionalized way is
presented here, combining a stochastic generation of hourly rainfall and temperature series with spatial consistency
along a 500-year period together with a distributed and continuous hydrological simulation. The Basque country, located
in northern Spain, is selected as the case study. TETIS model is used to simulate both the soil saturation-desiccation
cycle and the generation of surface flow and interflow during flood events. Due to the great variability of possible
hydrological situations and the small nature of the analysed basins, a significant number of historical events per gauge
station was used to calibrate the model with an overall satisfactory fit (a mean R2 of 0.78 was obtained for the most
important episodes). In addition, a spatial-temporal point process stochastic model for rainfall was developed per each
month and regionally adjusted based on the daily mean and proportion of dry days and the coefficient of variation,
skewness and lag autocorrelation at the 1, 6, and 24 h aggregation levels. As a result, hourly river flows series of 500
years were obtained at each location along the river network, allowing a systematic and consistent statistical analysis of
extreme flows.
File Size : 1,743,954 bytes
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Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Extreme events, natural variability and climate change
Date Published : 18/08/2015
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