IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Special sessions : Adcp validation of 3d morphodynamic modelling in clay-bed meandering rivers
Adcp validation of 3d morphodynamic modelling in clay-bed meandering rivers
Three-dimensional (3D) morphodynamic models are now readily available for prediction of velocity fields and
erosion/deposition processes. These models can be applied to challenging flows such as tortuously meandering clay-bed
rivers. Typically, calibration of such models is achieved by adjusting channel roughness to obtain observed flow stage for
a given discharge. However, the complex three-dimensional flow field that drives sediment entrainment and transport is
not usually validated. In this paper we utilize a spatially distributed velocity field obtained by intensive surveying with an
acoustic Doppler current profiler (aDcp) to improve calibration and validation of a Delft3D morphodynamic model of a
torturously meandering clay-bed river. Sensitivity analysis on model parameters showed that eddy viscosity is useful for
model calibration. Horizontal eddy viscosity is adjusted to minimize differences between individual measured and
modelled point velocities. The predicted results of erosion/sedimentation show how sediment transport processes can be
affected by changes in the horizontal eddy viscosity. The validated model can be utilized to estimate boundary shear
stress and bed erosion/deposition. The value of calibration/validation using spatially distributed aDcp data is discussed.
File Size : 3,347,333 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Special sessions
Date Published : 19/08/2015
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