IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Sediment management and morphodynamics : Sensitivity analysis of sediment fluxes derived by using acoustic backscatter
Sensitivity analysis of sediment fluxes derived by using acoustic backscatter
The evaluation of suspended sediment concentrations and sediment fluxes is an important task in river engineering.
Such an evaluation is nowadays more often conducted by using the intensity of backscattered sound from acoustic
measurement devices. Advantages of the analysis of the acoustic backscatter signal are a high spatial resolution of the
suspended sediment concentrations and accurate calculations of the sediment fluxes. In the presented study the
evaluation of the sediment fluxes is based on the measured acoustic backscatter signal from a single frequency ADCP in
moving operation mode and suspended sediment concentration measurements with a device based on laser diffraction.
In a first step the number of suspended sediment samples is varied along a chosen transect to analyze the sensitivity of
the developed correlation function regarding the spatial distribution of the samples. The developed correlation function is
used in a further step for the sediment flux estimations. The results show the importance of a balanced sampling along
the transect so that a broad range of backscatter intensities is covered. In a next step the sediment fluxes within the near
bed blanking zones, where no data from the ADCP measurements is available, are evaluated with respect to different
gradients for the conducted extrapolation. From the results, it can be seen that the sediment fluxes in the near to bed
blanking zone, calculated by an extrapolation, may reach in absolute terms even higher values as the measured ones. It
can also be seen that the gradient used for the extrapolation may influence the total amount of calculated sediment
fluxes significantly.
File Size : 1,973,837 bytes
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Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Sediment management and morphodynamics
Date Published : 19/08/2015
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