IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Flood risk management and adaptation : Incorporating river bed level changes into flood risk modelling
Incorporating river bed level changes into flood risk modelling
Typically, flood risk assessments (FRAs) are conducted for single N year extreme flow events using a single survey of
the river channel and floodplains. This approach is fundamentally flawed as it does not account for any changes in the
conveyance capacity of the channel that will occur due to sediment transport and morphological adjustment. Therefore,
to provide a more robust estimate of future flood risk, the uncertainties related to these changes should be incorporated
into inundation modelling. This paper proposes a modelling methodology that combines: a stochastic model, for
estimating streamflow; a 1D sediment transport model (HEC-RAS), to estimate morphological change; and, a 1D/2D
linked model (TUFLOW) to estimate inundation. This can be considered as the first quantitative modelling methodology
to account for sediment-related uncertainty in FRA and provides valuable insights into the sensitivity of future flood risk
to this variable. The methodology is demonstrated through a conceptual implementation that evaluates the change in
inundation for eight flood events with Return Periods (RPs) of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 years, along an alluvial
river reach (River Caldew, UK) subjected to 50 years of sediment transport. Results show that, whilst all events exhibit
an increase in flooded area and volume, these changes are more pronounced at the lower, more frequent, RPs (160%
compared to 9% increase in flood extent for 1 and 200 year RPs respectively).
File Size : 4,421,673 bytes
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Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Flood risk management and adaptation
Date Published : 19/08/2015
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