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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Water engineering : Numerical simulation of cavitating flow past steps-into-flow with different heights
Numerical simulation of cavitating flow past steps-into-flow with different heights
A liquid is said to "cavitate" when vapor bubbles form and grow as a consequence of pressure reduction. A two-phase flow
composed of a liquid and its vapor is called a "cavitating flow". In this paper simulation of cavitating flow past steps-intoflow
with four different heights of 12 mm, 10 mm, 5 mm and 2 mm is reported using the realizable k-ŠĆ turbulence model
and volume of fluid (VOF) technique. A transport equation model for the local volume fraction of vapor was solved and a
finite rate mass transfer model was used for simulation of the vaporization and condensation processes. These
simulations were performed using a finite volume, two phase solver available in the framework of the OpenFOAM (Open
Field Operation and Manipulation) software package. The mass transfer model of Kunz was used and its validation was
performed through comparisons between numerical simulations and experimental data. The computed results were in
good agreement with experimental data. In addition effects of step height on the cloud cavitation thickness and pressure
distribution over the step were analyzed. According to the numerical results, increasing the step height resulted in
formation of thicker cavitation cloud over the step, and also more pressure reduction.
File Size : 484,751 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Water engineering
Date Published : 20/08/2015
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