IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Sediment management and morphodynamics : Process-based modelling of wave induced salt marsh edge erosion
Process-based modelling of wave induced salt marsh edge erosion
A process-based model for the lateral retreat of a cross-shore transect of salt marsh under wave attack is developed. Several modifications are implemented in the widely used numerical model XBeach: i) the processes involving the mutual interaction between sand and mud; ii) the effect of halophytic vegetation on modifying the near flow field and in increasing the critical shear stress for soil erosion, and iii) the effect of partially reflected waves on the steep profile of the marsh scarp. Furthermore, the bed elevation update algorithm is modified in order to resemble the lateral retreat of the scarp. Numerical simulations of a salt marsh edge subject to continuous wave forcing are run to investigate the effect of different processes and parameters (e.g. soil composition and vegetation characteristics) on the evolution of the system. Preliminary results show a significant dependence of the marsh scarp behaviour on the relative sand-mud composition. The effect of vegetation in mitigating erosive processes nonlinearly decreases when the relative mud fraction is reduced. The model provides important insights into the processes associated with salt marsh edge erosion.
File Size : 544,958 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Sediment management and morphodynamics
Date Published : 20/08/2015
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