IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Extreme events, natural variability and climate change : Numerical simulation of new proposed tsunami scenarios for iquique, chile
Numerical simulation of new proposed tsunami scenarios for iquique, chile
Author : RAFAEL ARANGUIZ(1) , LUISA URRA(1), JUAN GONZALEZ(2), TEUN JAGER(3) , FRANS WESTER(3) , ANNA SMOOR(3), & BERNARDIEN TIEHATTEN
ABSTRACT
Iquique is located in northern Chile, and it has an important activity related to tourism and commerce. The last major
earthquake and tsunami in northern Chile took place in 1877 with an estimated magnitude of 8.8. The generated
tsunami reached an inundation height of 5-6 m. Since then, the accumulated energy was estimated to be enough to
generate another Mw 8.8 earthquake. However, on April 2014, a Mw 8.1 earthquake took place, which released only
about 20% of the total accumulated energy. Therefore, a similar or even larger earthquake could occur in the near
future. The present paper analyzes the propagation and inundation of possible future tsunamis for the Iquique area in
order that proper mitigation measures can be proposed. Tsunami numerical simulations were performed with 5 nested
grids by means of the NEOWAVE model with a highest grid resolution of 10m. The results showed that tsunamis
generated by the north and south segments would not generate a significant inundation area. A major tsunami could
generate a flow depth up to 5m which is large enough to affect most of the important commercial areas of Iquique.
Furthermore, it can be observed that the inundation can also occur on both sides of the Cavancha peninsula, thus
transforming the peninsula into an island, thus evacuation routes are cut off. Moreover, the combination of tsunami
source areas with different initiation time could generate even larger inundation.
File Size : 2,643,700 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Extreme events, natural variability and climate change
Date Published : 20/08/2015
Download Now