IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Flood risk management and adaptation : Uncertainty propagation in a flood model cascade under different rainfall generation processes
Uncertainty propagation in a flood model cascade under different rainfall generation processes
Observed and simulated numerical weather prediction (NWP) rainfall products typically show differences in their spatial and temporal distribution. These differences can considerably influence the ability to predict hydrological responses. For flood inundation studies, it is desirable to implement a meteorological-hydrologic-hydraulic model chain to quantify the extent of flood risk. This requires a combination of modelling capabilities, the non-linear transformation of rainfall to river flow using rainfall-runoff models, and finally the hydraulic flood wave propagation based on the runoff predictions. The combination of these numerical tools involves the interaction of several sources of error that may affect an adequate characterization of flood risk. However, both the propagation of uncertainties through the model chain, and how these errors affect the result under different meteorological conditions (e.g. tropical cyclone, cold front) are rarely examined. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation is to explore the effects of errors in rainfall prediction from an NWP, on inundation predictions for two different meteorological events that produced several damages in Mexico. The methodology is comprised of a Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWP), a distributed rainfall-runoff model and a standard 2D hydrodynamic model. The cascade of models is implemented for two recent extreme flood events that took place in Mexico (Tonala, 2009 and Acapulco, 2013). In both cases, high quality field data (e.g. LiDAR; rain gauges) and satellite imagery are available. Uncertainty in the meteorological model (Weather Research and Forecasting model) is evaluated through the use of a multi-physics ensemble technique, which considers 16 parameterization schemes to determine a given precipitation. The resulting precipitation fields are used as input in a distributed hydrological model, enabling the determination of different hydrographs associated to this event. Lastly, by means of a standard 2D hydrodynamic model, resulting hydrographs are used as forcing conditions to study the propagation of the meteorological uncertainty to an estimated flooded area. Differences in area and water level at benchmark stations are compared and the uncertainties at each modelling stage are analyzed. Results show the utility of the selected modelling approach to investigate error propagation within a cascade of models.
File Size : 1,568,172 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Flood risk management and adaptation
Date Published : 21/08/2015
Download Now