IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent memberbased organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydroenvironmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and ecohydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.





Wall shear stress statistics in an oscillatory flow 
Author : 
PIETRO SCANDURA(1), CARLA FARACI(2) & ENRICO FOTI(3) 
ABSTRACT
In this paper the statistics of the wall shear stress in accelerationskewed oscillatory flows are studied by means of direct numerical simulations. The topic is of interest because of its implications in the understanding of various phenomena that take place at the bottom of sea waves. The results show that the spatial distribution of the wall shear stress is strongly inhomogeneous during the accelerating phase and in particular when the phase averaged wall shear stress grows rapidly. Negative values of the fluctuating wall shear stress component are more frequent than positive ones, but the largest values are positive. The relative intensity, given by the ratio between the root mean square of the wall shear stress fluctuations and the phase averaged value, rapidly increases during the first stage of the accelerating phase up to values of about 0.40.45. Then these values are maintained for a significant time interval that is longer when the Reynolds number increases. The skewness of the probability density of the wall shear stress fluctuations is positive during the first half cycle and negative during the second one. The skewness is large when the turbulence is well developed while it becomes small when the flow tends to laminarize.

File Size : 
798,312 bytes 
File Type : 
Adobe Acrobat Document 
Chapter : 
IAHR World Congress Proceedings

Category : 
36th Congress  The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT

Article : 
Water engineering

Date Published : 
26/08/2015 







