IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT : Flood risk management and adaptation : Prioritization and selection of climate change adaptation measures: a review of the literature
Prioritization and selection of climate change adaptation measures: a review of the literature
Adaptation to climate change is key to reduce associated risks and develop climate resilient communities. Adaptation
measures should be designed for both current and future impacts of climate change. Nevertheless, the inherent
uncertainty in climate change and its impacts, and also the intrinsic complexity in climate change adaptation process
present challenges in developing, planning, and effective implementation of appropriate adaptation strategies in many
countries. Despite the improvements, it is due to these challenges that the planned adaptation to climate change still has
not reached the desired levels. In particular, there are key issues and knowledge gaps associated with climate change
related decision-making. For example, although generic frameworks for the assessment of climate change risks and
vulnerability are available in certain EU member countries (e.g., United Kingdom, Netherlands, Denmark, Germany,
Norway), there is a gap in developing a common methodology for the prioritization and selection of adaptation
measures. The methods which are most widely used for prioritizing (and selecting) adaption measures are Benefit Cost
Analysis (BCA), Cost Effectiveness Analysis (CEA), Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA), and expert judgment. While each
method has its advantages and disadvantages, their applicability in inter-regional, cross-sectoral, cross-border, multilevel,
and multi-actor cases are rather limited. At present, a systematic and comprehensive methodology which is
capable of taking into account the characteristics of the case-of-concern in terms of the constraints at hand such as
insufficient local resources or site-specific vulnerabilities is absent. The principles of no-regret, low-regret, and win-win
are often employed in identification of appropriate adaptation measures as a first step. The purpose of this study is to
provide a critical review of the current primary approaches and methods for prioritization and selection of climate change
adaptation measures.
File Size : 313,061 bytes
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Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) ALL CONTENT
Article : Flood risk management and adaptation
Date Published : 28/08/2015
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