IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS : THEME 1- MANAGING DELTAS : OPEN PORTS FOR CONTAINER VESSELS
This paper proposes and evaluates an innovative way of designing container ports, based on MSc –research work carried
out at Delft University of Technology, in close cooperation with Deltares. The open port is defined as an offshore and
environmentally exposed port. This innovative way of designing ports may be the solution for existing and upcoming
problems of large container ports in deltas, such as sedimentation and lack of space. The focus of this present paper is on
ports for container vessels. This is because container terminals involve the most stringent criteria on environmental
conditions. Traditionally, ports for seagoing container vessels are located in deltas. Main advantage of the location of ports
in these deltas is the natural shelter, which is needed for the safe mooring of vessels and for the efficient handling of
containers and cargo. Deltas often provide a limited depth and in combination with growing vessel dimensions, dredging
costs will generally increase in the future. Moreover, the economic value of deltas becomes higher. Therefore, container
ports have no room for expansions and existing ports experience a lot of pressure or public resistance in urbanized
regions. Finally, large ports and their breakwaters often have a negative impact on the coastal morphology of deltas. Both
morphology and ecology may be disturbed due to a port located in the surf zone of a delta. The idea of an open container
port is proposed to avoid these negative consequences of a traditional port layout and location. A technical analysis
showed that an exposed container port may be feasible. This relates to recent innovations in mooring techniques and the
increasing container vessel dimensions. A potential location for an open container port, Nigeria, is described. A fictitious
open port layout was designed based on an offshore reclaimed island. This open port is located at a distance from shore
where the natural depth is sufficient for the mooring of the largest container vessels. The analysis showed that the open
port concept may be applicable for different situations and conditions.
File Size : 1,228,214 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS
Date Published : 18/04/2016
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