IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS : THEME 6- WATER RESOURCES AND HYDROINFORMATICS : IOWA WATERSHED PROJECT: COUPLED SURFACE-SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGIC MODELING TO ASSESS DISTRIBUTED FLOOD M...
IOWA WATERSHED PROJECT: COUPLED SURFACE-SUBSURFACE HYDROLOGIC MODELING TO ASSESS DISTRIBUTED FLOOD MITIGATION PRACTICES
Author : NICHOLAS THOMAS , LARRY WEBER & KEITH SCHILLING
Significant rainfall in the summer of 2008 and subsequent flooding in eastern Iowa, USA induced billions of dollars in damage to communities, land, and agriculture. Post flood, the Iowa State Department of Housing and Urban Development allocated $8.8 million to the Iowa Flood Center to plan, implement, and evaluate watershed projects to lessen the severity and frequency of flooding in Iowa. A two phased approach was applied to investigate how diverse 2 basins respond to varying input rainfall and the overall flood hydrology at the basin scale (4,000 km ), and the impact of 2 a specific distribution of flood mitigation practices at the sub catchment scale (45 km ). This paper focuses on the construction, calibration, and validation of a coupled surface subsurface hydrologic model, and the effects of distributed projects on peak flows during synthetic and real precipitation events. In 2014 stream stage sensors, soil moisture and scientific rain gage platforms, shallow groundwater wells, and water quality sensors were distributed throughout a small scale watershed. A combination of simplified calibration techniques along with watershed scale validation to measured data offers confidence in the models capability to reproduce watershed dynamics. Incorporation of built practices through this funding source, along with potential distributions of various flood mitigation strategies are quantified. Extrapolation from the small scale distribution of projects offers insight into the capability of larger basins to mitigate devastating flood events.
File Size : 3,199,740 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS
Article : THEME 6- WATER RESOURCES AND HYDROINFORMATICS
Date Published : 20/04/2016
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