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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS : THEME 7- EXTREME EVENTS, NATURAL VARIABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE : DETERMINATION OF DROUGHT VULNERABILITY INDEXES IN MUNICIPALITIES OF THE SEMIARID REGION OF THE PARAÍ...
DETERMINATION OF DROUGHT VULNERABILITY INDEXES IN MUNICIPALITIES OF THE SEMIARID REGION OF THE PARAÍBA STATE, BRAZIL
Author : ROSENDO, ELIAMIN ELDAN QUEIROZ , FILGUEIRA, HAMILCAR JOSÉ ALMEIDA SILVA, TARCISO CABRAL DA, SOUZA, BARTOLOMEU ISRAEL DE & SILVA JÚNIOR, MARCELO HENRIQUES
The periodic droughts has been reported in the Northeast region of Brazil since the beginning of the portuguese colonization, in sixteenth century. However, most researches on the drought phenomenon are usually concerned with just the quantification and qualification of the physical aspects of the phenomenon, such as the severity, extension and frequency, and often neglecting the social, economic, cultural and productive aspects of the region. Given the importance of studying the drought with the vulnerabilities of the population affected by the phenomenon, this study aimed to develop and apply indicators of drought vulnerability, with focus in environmental, social and agricultural aspects, in three municipalities in the semiarid region of the Para?ba State, located in northeastern Brazil: Picu?, Sousa and, Sum?. The methodology used was an adaptation of the indicators of drought vulnerability developed by Basic Project ? funded by the European Commission ? a capacity strengthening project that supports the institutional capacity of Brazil, India, China and South Africa to undertake analytical work to determine what kind of climate change actions best fit within their current and future national circumstances, interests and priorities. The drought vulnerability indexes to each municipality, based on vulnerability indicators, and their factors of Exposure, Sensitivity and, Adaptive Capacity, were obtained using census data, especially of 2010. From the results analysis it was concluded that Picu? had the biggest exposure, and, the worst performance in sensitivity, Regarding the indicator of adaptive capability, Sum? stood out in a negative way. In general terms, the municipality of Picu? presented the highest drought vulnerability index, followed by Sum? and, Sousa.
File Size : 510,561 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS
Article : THEME 7- EXTREME EVENTS, NATURAL VARIABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Date Published : 20/04/2016
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