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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS : THEME 8- SPECIAL SESSIONS : MONITORING FLOW RATE AND SALINITY INTRUSION IN A TIDAL FLOODWAY USING FLUVIAL ACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY
MONITORING FLOW RATE AND SALINITY INTRUSION IN A TIDAL FLOODWAY USING FLUVIAL ACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY
Author : KIYOSI KAWANISI , MAHDI RAZAZ & MASOUD BAHRAINI MOTLAGH
Six-year record of tidal current and sound speed has been collected in a tidal diversion channel using Fluvial Acoustic Tomography System (FATS) with a couple of 30 kHz broad-band transducers. The FATS was located around 9 km upstream far from the mouth of Ota River diversion channel, Japan. The reciprocal sound transmission that was performed between the two acoustic stations, located on both sides of the channel, enabled us to measure range-averaged sound speed and water velocity along an oblique transmission line. The channel is a shallow tidal-forced river with a maximum tidal range of 4 m at the mouth. The freshwater runoff into the channel is regulated by the array of sluice gates, located 270 m upstream of the observation site. The saline water was flushed out by the gate operation for flood events. Thus, the flow and the salinity intrusion presented strong unsteady nature. The salinity intrusion was investigated from the mean sound speed measured by FATS. The recovering time of the salinity ranged from 9.5 days to 27 days after the gates got back. The tidal velocity amplitude and the outflow velocity associated the river discharge basically controlled the recovery of salinity intrusion.
File Size : 1,878,881 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS
Article : THEME 8- SPECIAL SESSIONS
Date Published : 20/04/2016
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