IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS : THEME 8- SPECIAL SESSIONS : STUDY ON EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT OF TRAIN DISPATCH UNDER SEVERE RAINFALL BY USING RADAR
STUDY ON EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT OF TRAIN DISPATCH UNDER SEVERE RAINFALL BY USING RADAR
Author : TOMOKI OSHIRO & SATORU OISHI
Recently, the frequency of severe rainfall increases in Japan. The average of annual frequency of severe rainfall which is defined as rainfall having more than 50mm within one hour has become increase from 168 times per year (TPY) during the year of 1976-1986 to 226 TPY during 1999-2010 (Japan Meteorological Agency, 2012). The increasing of frequency of severe rain raise risk of sediment related disaster and inundation disaster. Trains especially local train run on reclaimed land and mountainous area have risk of such disasters when severe rain might happen. Therefore, railway companies take many kinds of countermeasures. The present study deals with the dispatching problem under severe rainfall. Each train dispatching system has defined a threshold of rainfall amount where dispatchers stop trains or they command to reduce the speed of trains. A Japanese railway company has measured the rainfall amount by their own rain gauges that locate almost every 13km and it is very difficult to change the measurement system because the company has a historical rainfall data by which the threshold of rainfall amount has been defined. On the other hand, the company has an interest for introducing radar rainfall information for dispatching trains because of increasing of severe rainfall having small spatial scale and efficiency improvement for collecting rainfall data. Many railway companies have the similar contradiction. The present study shows a statistical analysis of the uncertainty to use radar for capturing severe rainfall by using probability function of difference between rainfall amount measured by rain gauge and one by radar.
File Size : 440,413 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 36th Congress - The Hague (2015) FULL PAPERS
Article : THEME 8- SPECIAL SESSIONS
Date Published : 20/04/2016
Download Now