IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 1 - KEYNOTE AND INVITED LECTURES : Climate Change Consideration in Hydropower Development in Nepal Himalayan Region
Climate Change Consideration in Hydropower Development in Nepal Himalayan Region
Author : Jagat K. Bhusal
The effects of Climate change on precipitation pattern and hydrological regime are the most critical to hydropower generation. The trends on changes, though not exactly quantified, are visualized to be heterogeneous over different ecological zones of Nepal. Certain areas especially higher Himalayas of Nepal are becoming increasingly susceptible to hydrological transformations caused by climate change. Changing pattern of temperature is more visible and clear than precipitation. Changes in evaporation rates, annual river discharge, seasonal and temporal offsets of hydrological patterns, extreme precipitation events, and increased glacial melt are the most pertinent climate change effect that has impacted hydroelectric generation. Erosion and transport pattern of sediment is directly influenced by the pattern of changes in precipitation and runoff. Warming affected glaciers not only to contribute more water but also to the development of GLOF hazards. Rivers from Himalaya enriched by snow and glaciers melt. Kosi River of Nepal Himalaya gets about 8.46 % of the annual flow from snow and glacier melt with a maximum monthly contribution of 22.52 % in May and a minimum monthly contribution of 1.86% in January in (WWF 2009). Another assessment made in upper Kaligandaki indicated that the snow melt contribution could reach up to 40 %. The worst scenarios as per the present projection are that future flow characteristics of snow fed rivers could appear to be like that of present pattern of non-snow fed rivers (Bhusal J K & Chapagain P, 2011). The methodology of the study was based on research output made available as published literatures, various scientific studies? results and information from multiple sources that are focused on climate change vulnerability to water resources, especial focus on hydropower, are synthesized and integrated.
File Size : 865,521 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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