IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources : Investigations on self-cleaning culvert designs
Investigations on self-cleaning culvert designs
Author : H-C. Ho1, M. Muste1and R. Ettema2
Culverts are commonly used to pass roads over small streams. The design criterion assumes large flows corresponding to extreme events. Often times, the multi-barrel culverts are preferred as they require a lesser upstream headwater elevation compared with single-barrel culverts. Most of the time, however, culverts convey flows that are of lower velocity and lesser depth than the design flows. During the transitions from high to low flows sediment deposition inherently occurs in the upstream transitioning the stream to culvert cross-section. Repetition of these flow transitions over the time results in the increase of the sediment deposits that often become “stabilized” due to the growth of vegetation, hence reducing permanently the capacity of culverts to handle large flows. The present paper investigates details of the mechanics of the formation of the sediment deposits in the upstream vicinity of the culverts and mitigation designs that ensure an efficient, hydraulic-driven cleaning effect
File Size : 2,157,063 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources
Date Published : 01/07/2011
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