IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 4 - HYDRO-ENVIRONMENT : Turbulent Characteristics in Open Channel Flow for One Line Trees
Turbulent Characteristics in Open Channel Flow for One Line Trees
Author : Taira Ozaki, Taisuke Ishigaki, Koji Shiono, Edgar Ferreira,, Jim Chandler and Rene Wackrow
There have been many emergent vegetation studies using cylindrical or squared rods for simulating real trees in open channel. Rods generate turbulent flow characteristics similar to those of tree trucks without branches and canopies, however when branches and canopies are included, they would be expected to be quite different. This paper therefore investigates turbulence behaviour in open channel with real trees, including canopies, in line along the channel. Experiments are conducted in a flume with miniature trees placed at the centre of the flume. Various arrangements of the tree spacing were performed. Turbulent measurements are undertaken by Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV). ADV measures three components of turbulent fluctuations, as a result mean velocities, turbulent kinetic energies and Reynolds stresses are obtained. Turbulent flow structure caused by trees is characterised by mean velocity, turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds stress. The detailed mean velocities are shown at three cross sections behind the one tree and compared with those obtained by the wake theory. As for turbulent flow field, peaks of the turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds stress for the one tree, two trees and three trees are observed and they are not immediately behind the trees. The locations of the maximum Reynolds stresses occurred are also observed and related to vortex shedding. Drag coefficients are estimated by the wake profile behind vegetation with the wake formula.
File Size : 516,007 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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