IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 4 - HYDRO-ENVIRONMENT : Modeling Watershed-Scale Nitrogen Loading Reduction Efficiency of an Agricultural Conservation Manag...
Modeling Watershed-Scale Nitrogen Loading Reduction Efficiency of an Agricultural Conservation Management by Scenario Analysis
Author : Zhaoxia Zeng , Xiaoli Liu, Qiuwen Chen and Baiqing Tie
Agricultural Conservation Management (ACM) is increasingly advocated to reduce losses of nutrition from farming lands, especially with agricultural watershed and subwatershed perspectives. Within agricultural watershed scale, different crop coverage has different nutrient precipitation runoff non-point source load properties because of their spatial topography heterogeneity and variable fertilization demands. The objective of this study was to assess the reduction efficiency of an ACM on nitrogen non-point source load from small agricultural watershed, in the black soil region, northeast of china, where present typical gentle hilly landscapes, using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). Results showed that SWAT model performed well in calculating runoff (E =0.58), NO -N (E =0.47) NS 3 NS and total N (E =0.69) loads. The calibrated and validated model was used to evaluate the effects of NS spatial adjustment of crops plantation on NO -N and total N loads through land use pattern scenario 3 analysis according to crop different fertilization demand and surface runoff nitrogen loss characteristics. Result showed that crops plantation spatial adjustment as an effective ACM strategy can reduce NO -N 3 and total N loads by 9.5% and 10.7%, respectively. It was apparent that within small watershed scale, crops plantation spatial regulation according to their fertilizer demand, nutrition loads properties and locations as an ACM can effectively decrease non-point source pollution from agricultural watershed, and can provide useful information for targeted water quality management for surface runoff receptor water body.
File Size : 235,097 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Article : THEME 4 - HYDRO-ENVIRONMENT
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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