IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources : Air entrainment and scale effects in hydraulic jumps with small froude numbers
Air entrainment and scale effects in hydraulic jumps with small froude numbers
Author : Y. Chachereau1 and H. Chanson1
The transition from supercritical to subcritical flow is characterised by a strong dissipative mechanism, a hydraulic jump. In the present study, the air-water properties were investigated experimentally in hydraulic jumps with relatively small Froude numbers (2.4 < Fr1 < 5.1) and relatively large Reynolds numbers. A comparative analysis demonstrated that, for hydraulic jumps with Fr1 = 5.1, the void fraction data obtained with Re < 4104 could not be scaled up to Re = 1105. Most airwater flow properties measured with Reynolds numbers up to 1.25105 could not be extrapolated to large-size prototype structures without significant scale effects in terms of bubble count rate, turbulence and bubble chord time distributions. The findings have some major implications of civil, environmental and sanitary engineering designs, because most hydraulic structures, storm water systems and water treatment facilities operate with Reynolds numbers larger than 106 to over 108.
File Size : 4,981,843 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources
Date Published : 01/07/2011
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