IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT : Momentum and Scalar Mixing across Jet-Fluid Interface of Submerged Rectangular Jet
Momentum and Scalar Mixing across Jet-Fluid Interface of Submerged Rectangular Jet
Author : Shengcheng Huang and Kit-Ming Lam
The mixing behavior across the jet-fluid interface of a rectangular jet is investigated experimentally with particle image velocimetry (PIV) and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The objectives are to understand the inter-relationship between mixing of momentum and dilution of scalar species concentration in a rectangular jet. Conventional statistical analysis of the velocity and scalar concentration data are performed to investigate the global jet behavior, including flow regimes and self-similarity features. Meanwhile, instantaneous data at several points along the jet-fluid interface are observed and analyzed in order to investigate the correlation between concentration and velocity fluctuations in local region. The results show that the rectangular jet exhibits half power law decay of mean centerline velocity after 4 to 5D (D being jet exit height), which can be regarded as quasi-2D region, and within the quasi-2D region, the concentration spreads 34% faster than the momentum. In regions near the jet exit (2 to 2.5D), velocity and concentration fluctuations are influenced by vortex motions symmetrically across the jet. Beyond 2.5D, co-presence of large-scale concentration and radial velocity fluctuations are found to occur on one side of the jet only.
File Size : 1,117,307 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Article : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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