IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources : Reinventing the wheel: the return of the cascade dropshaft
Reinventing the wheel: the return of the cascade dropshaft
Author : L. Toombes
The energy dissipation characteristics of stepped cascade spillways have been recognised for over three thousand years. In the last century the trend in spillway design has been strongly in favour of smooth spillways with a separate hydraulic jump dissipation basin, which are considered simpler, easier to standardise, and cheaper. Only in recent years have new construction techniques such as roller compacted concrete revitalised interest in a traditional design. Like the hydraulic jump basin, the vortex dropshaft is the regular choice for large dropshafts. However they can require large, expensive de-aeration chambers, particularly when discharging into pressurised tunnels. Although not common, cascade dropshafts, where the shaft is subdivided by a series of steps, have been used for over a century. Recent model studies of a cascade dropshaft design have demonstrated excellent energy dissipation and air release over a wide range of discharge and tailwater combinations, virtually eliminating the need for a separate de-aeration chamber.
File Size : 1,243,197 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources
Date Published : 01/07/2011
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