IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT : Erosion of Cohesive Soils with an Ex-situ Scour Testing Device
Erosion of Cohesive Soils with an Ex-situ Scour Testing Device
Author : Haoyin Shan, Junke Guo, Jerry Shen, Zhaoding Xie, Oscar Suaznabar and Kornel Kerenyi
An ex-situ scour testing device (ESTD) was built to study erosion in cohesive soils. It was intended to help understanding forces acting on soils. Such information was urgently required in bridge scour formulation. The lack of knowledge was due to unavailability of sensors capable capturing these f orces. The device featured an innovative direct force gauge which could instantaneously measure shear and vertical forces on soil specimens. Specimens were mounted on the sensor disk of the force gauge. The servo-controlled force gauge provided counterforce of the hydrodynamic force acting on a soil specimen. This mechanism enabled a minimal movement of the soil specimen. The force gauge automatically elevated the soil specimen after a period of erosion so that the soil surface maintained flush with the channel bed. The ESTD used a moving belt and a pump propelling flow through a test channel underneath the belt. The channel was 58 cm long, 12 cm wide and 2 cm deep. The entire channel bed was roughened by gluing sandpapers with various p-grades. Particle image velocimetry identified several log-law velocity profiles in the test channel. Two cascaded filter cylinders enabled clear flow condition f or observation. Different types of soil specimens containing artificial porcelain clay, silt and non-uniform sand at different water contents were tested in the ESTD. The specimens had a diameter of 63.5 mm and a height of 20 mm. The soil specimens were de-aired to prevent slaking. The tested specimen was initially flush with the channel bed. In erosion test, the shear stress on a soil specimen was kept constant. The specimen was automatically elevated by the force gauge. The shear stress and soil mass during the test were recorded. The mass loss was used to calculate the erosion rate. The preliminary erosion results were presented. Geotechnical properties including shear strength, plastic limit, and liquid limit of the soil specimens were reported.
File Size : 273,443 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Article : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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