IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT : Curved Open Channel Flow with Vegetation Roughened Outer Bank
Curved Open Channel Flow with Vegetation Roughened Outer Bank
Author : Chengguang Li, Wenxin Huai and Yuhong Zeng
A RNG k-e turbulent model combined with an experimental measurement with Micro ADV were presented herein to investigate flow in a 180Ýcurved open channel (a 4m straight inflow section, a 180Ýcurved section, and a 4m straight outflow section) featuring vegetation on its outer bank. A comparison between the numerical result and experimental measurement shows that the RNG k-e turbulent model can well predict flow in the curved open channel featuring vegetation. Under the combined effect of vegetation and bend curvature, the velocities in the vegetation area are much smaller than those in the non-vegetation area. In the outer bank vegetation area, the vertical profile of velocity is much more uniform over the flow depth due to the reason that vegetation confines the bed wall roughness in a small area close to the bed, and no clear circulation is found in this area. In the non-vegetation area, the maximal velocity gradually shifts to the flume bed as heading downstream and a clear clockwise circulation is developed in curved reach. It can also be seen that there is a large mass and momentum exchange between the vegetation and non-vegetation area in the whole process. In addition, the small value of the wall shear stresses in the vegetation area shows that vegetation can protect the river bank from scour and erosion effectively. However, at the same time, the sediment is easily to be deposited in the outer vegetation area.
File Size : 1,405,760 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Article : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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