IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT : Propagation of a Positive Surge Against an Initially Steady Flow: Influence of the Flow Rate
Propagation of a Positive Surge Against an Initially Steady Flow: Influence of the Flow Rate
Author : Carlo Gualtieri and Hubert Chanson
A positive surge results from a sudden change in flow that increases the depth. It is the unsteady flow analogy of the stationary hydraulic jump and a geophysical application is the tidal bore. The flow properties immediately upstream and downstream of the surge front must satisfy the continuity and momentum principles. This paper presents the results of new experimental investigations conducted in a large rectangular channel. Several experiments were conducted five different initial discharges (Q=0.035, 0.045, 0.050, 0.060 and 0.070 mü\s) to investigate a positive surge propagating upstream against the initially steady flow for the same downstream gate opening after closure. In each case, a breaking (weak) bore was observed and free-surface measurements were performed using non-intrusive acoustic displacement meters. Detailed unsteady velocity measurements were further carried out with high temporal resolution using acoustic Doppler velocimetry for Q=0.035 and 0.045 mü\s. The analysis of free-surface profiles revealed the influence of the flow rate on the surge characteristics. Unsteady flow turbulence analysis highlighted some patterns in streamwise and transverse velocities of the surge due to the effect of the flow rate.
File Size : 680,654 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Article : THEME 5 - FLUVIAL HYDRAULICS AND RIVER MANAGEMENT
Date Published : 18/07/2016
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