IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources : An estimation of head loss coefficient at surcharged combining junction manholes
An estimation of head loss coefficient at surcharged combining junction manholes
Author : Ju Il Song1, Jung Soo Kim1, Chang Soo Rim2, and Sei Eui Yoon2
Energy loss at manholes, often exceeding friction loss of pipes under surcharged flow, is considered one of the major causes of inundation in urban areas. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze head losses at manholes, especially in case of surcharged flow. Hydraulic experimental apparatus using square and circular manholes were installed for this study. In the experiments, two inflows (Q1, Q2) were varied from 0 to 4 ℓ/sec and 15 combinations were tested in total. The flow ratios Q2/Q3 were varied from 0 to 1 for a total flow Q3 (Q3=Q1+Q3) of 2, 3, and 4 ℓ/sec, respectively. The variation of head losses were strongly influenced by the lateral inflow because the head loss coefficient increased as the flow ratio Q2/Q3 increased. There was no significant difference of head loss between the square manhole and the circular one, and also no large variation of head loss as discharges change. The regression equations between K and Q2/Q3 were suggested in this paper.
File Size : 1,151,640 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 4: Responding to Shifting Water Resources
Date Published : 01/07/2011
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