IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 7 - WATER RESOURCES AND HYDROINFORMATICS : Groundwater Model for Analysis of the Schemes of Maintaining the Runoff from Heilongtan Spring in Li...
Groundwater Model for Analysis of the Schemes of Maintaining the Runoff from Heilongtan Spring in Lijiang Basin of Yunnan Province, China
Author : Shibing Pan, Jianli Zhang, Kewang Tang, Hao Duan and Jimo Li
The runoff from Heilongtan karst springs is the main water source for the scenery use of the well-known Old Town of Lijiang located in Yunnan Province of Southwest China. The spring flow is in dependence of rainfall and may be dry for long period in years with less precipitation in the basin. This paper discusses the various engineering schemes of maintaining the runoff from Heilongtan Spring by using the karst groundwater numerical simulation model. Firstly, the hydrogeological concept model is established by analyzing the investigation data including geophysics, groundwater level dynamic characteristic and aquifer geological survey information. Then the numerical simulation model is calibrated and verified by utilizing the long series data of the groundwater level, spring flow observations, and precipitation. Two major schemes, one is artificial recharge by delivering water from nearby basin, another is building the groundwater reservoirs by underground dam in karst aquifers, are simulated with the numerical simulation model. The results of scenario analysis demonstrate that both schemes are feasible for maintaining the runoff from Heilongtan Spring. Considering the cost of the engineering, the authors prefer the underground dam scheme which may be more reasonable and the spring could be guaranteed to overflow even in years with very less rainfall in the basin. As to the scheme of delivering water of near basin, about 49 percent of the delivering water is discharged by the way of underground flow. Therefore, it may not be guaranteed the spring flow not to be dry in year with very less rainfall. Lastly, the development pattern of cascade groundwater reservoirs is suggested to fully develop water resources for regional industrial, agricultural, domestic as well as scenery water use.
File Size : 912,394 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 19/07/2016
Download Now