IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 7 - WATER RESOURCES AND HYDROINFORMATICS : Impact of Earthquake Induced Landslides on Hydrologic Response in Jianpinggou Catchment
Impact of Earthquake Induced Landslides on Hydrologic Response in Jianpinggou Catchment
Author : Qihua Ran, Qun Qian, Xudong Fu and Zhinan Shi
The changes of the underlying surface conditions (topography, vegetation cover rate, etc.), which were caused by the numerous landslides in the Wenchuan earthquake, may influence the hydrologic response and then change the flash flood or other kinds of the disaster risk in the affected areas. The Jianpinggou catchment, located in Sichuan China, is selected as the study area for this paper. The distribution of the landslides is obtained from the remote sensing image data. The changes of topography are obtained from the comparisons among the different periods of digital elevation models (DEMs). A physical-based model, the Integrated Hydrology Model (InHM), is used to simulate the hydrologic response before and after the landslide, respectively. The influence of the underlying surface conditions is then discussed based on the output data, such as the hydrograph, distributed water depth and local runoff. The study leads to the following generalized conclusions: 1) the impact of the landslides on hydrologic response does exist, and the greater the proportion of surface flow in the total runoff is, the greater the impact will be; 2) the peak flow from the outlet increased after the landslide, but the shape of the hydrograph has little change; 3) the effect of the landslides on the local runoff is relatively obvious, and this elevates the local flash floods risk; 4) the difference of hydrologic responses between the two periods (before and after the landslide occurring) becomes larger with the increasing rainfall, with a threshold of rapid growth at the rainfall frequencies of once in every 50 years, but there is a limit. The improved understanding of the impact of landslides on the hydrologic response in Jianpinggou catchment provides valuable theoretical support for the storm flood forecast.
File Size : 726,029 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 19/07/2016
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