IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 7 - WATER RESOURCES AND HYDROINFORMATICS : Direct-Numerical and Large-Eddy Simulations of the Subcritical and Supercritical Mixing Layers
Direct-Numerical and Large-Eddy Simulations of the Subcritical and Supercritical Mixing Layers
Author : Shooka Karimpour Ghannadi and Vincent H. Chu
Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the traverse shear instabilities in open-channel flow are conducted using the shallow-water equations for the convective Froude numbers of Fr = 0.01, c 0.1 and 0.8. The simulations determine the evolution of a small disturbance with time in the transverse shear flow for a range of wave number. It also produces the nonlinear development that leads to the formation of eddies at the low convective Froude numbers of Fr = 0.01 and the shocklets at the higher c convective Froude number of Fr = 0.8. The exchanges across the shocklets are characterized by the c radiation of gravity wave and reduced rate of the shear instabilities. Five different flux limiting schemes are employed for the DNS. Four stages of the grid refinement determine the order of convergence toward the true solution for each of the computational schemes. The results for the initial exponential growth are in agreement with the linear stability analysis using the normal mode approach. The gravity-wave radiation from the open channel flow has the similar effect on the shear instabilities as the radiation of the sound from the shear flow in compressible gas. The dependence on the convective Froude number for the transverse shear flow in open channel is shown to be analogous to the shear instability in compressible gas and is consistent with the shear instability calculation results obtained for the ideal gas by Sandham & Reynolds (1990).
File Size : 745,050 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 19/07/2016
Download Now