IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 8 - CLIMATE CHANGE AND HAZARD MITIGATION : Discussion on Debris Flow Drainage Canal Damage Type and Reasons
Discussion on Debris Flow Drainage Canal Damage Type and Reasons
Author : Jiangang Chen, Xiaoqing Chen, Tao Wang and Wei Zhong
Debris flow is one of the most common geological disasters in China, which would occur more actively after 5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake. Debris flow drainage canal is one of the disaster countermeasures used in the debris flow fans which acts a significant role in the mitigation and prevention hazards of debris flow. During the operation of practical projects, the useful life of the drainage canal was greatly shortened for strong abrasion on the drainage structure of debris flow. Basing on the field investigation results, the damage types of drainage canal are summarized, such as (a) Erosion of clear water flow and hyper-concentrated silt flow; (b) Impact fracture and foundation scour on the threshold of drainage canal; (c) destruction of the drainage canal outlet; (d) Debris flow ablation destruction on the drainage canal. According to the issues of destruction of the drainage canal in debris flow drainage process, a number of new type drainage canals can be proposed, including drainage canal with interlaced sill, drainage canal with symmetrical sill, and drainage canal with energy dissipation basin. Although some kind of drainage canal has applied successfully in practical disaster prevention and mitigation engineering, the motion characteristics of debris flow and the effect of energy dissipation basin is still lack of theoretical research. Therefore, the mechnism and the optimum design of the drainage canal needs further study. The systemic research results can provide reference for optimizing the design of drainage canal and it has the great significance to improve the techniques level and enlarge the application range of mitigation engineering.
File Size : 872,454 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 20/07/2016
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