IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 5: Environmental Hydraulics and Hydrology : A landscape approach to assess impacts of hydrological changes to vegetation communities of the tonl...
A landscape approach to assess impacts of hydrological changes to vegetation communities of the tonle sap floodplain
Author : M.E. Arias1, T.A. Cochrane1, B. Caruso1, T. Killeen2, and M. Kummu3
The Tonle Sap is South East Asia’s largest lake and Cambodia’s most important fishery. The hydrology of the Tonle Sap is directly linked to water levels of the Mekong River, which will experience major alterations as a response to hydropower development, irrigation, and climate change. This paper proposes a landscape approach to understand the impacts of hydrological alteration on the floodplain’s terrestrial vegetation. A land cover map, a digital elevation map and historical water records were used to create histograms of water depth for key vegetation communities. These histograms were used to create maps of vegetation coverage probability for future scenarios of hydrological changes. Selected scenarios of water resources development and climate change were used to demonstrate how vegetation could shift within the floodplain. This approach generated satisfactory results for land cover classes that extend over large portions of the floodplain such as wet season rice, abandoned fields, flooded shrubland and open lake.
File Size : 1,377,875 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 5: Environmental Hydraulics and Hydrology
Date Published : 01/07/2011
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