IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 8 - CLIMATE CHANGE AND HAZARD MITIGATION : Effectiveness of a Shore-parallel Canal to Reduce Tsunami Impact
Effectiveness of a Shore-parallel Canal to Reduce Tsunami Impact
Author : Nguyen Xuan Dao, Mohammad Bagus Adityawan, Hitoshi Tanaka and Pengzhi Lin
The Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011 had caused huge damage to people and civil infrastructure around Japan. This large-scale disaster has been provided many valuable practical lessons regarding the huge consequences and potential impact of megaearthquake and megatsunamis. There have been many studies on the effects of construction solutions such as coastal embankment, breakwater, as well as non-structural solutions such as pine trees, mangrove forest, and coastal dunes for r educing tsunami energy when it spreads in coastal areas. But the fact that most of these solutions only make significant in the case of relatively small tsunami events; in terms of multiple defense against largest tsunamis, there is a need to combine multiple solutions together. In addition, there have rarely been discussed the effectiveness of canal to reduce the tsunami impacts. Thus, the main objectives of this research are to investigate the effectiveness of a shore-parallel canal on tsunami mitigation. Numerical model is presently a valuable tool to assess the tsunami risks. Since shallow water equation (SWE) cannot be realistically captured breaking waves near the shoreline; thus a numerical model based on Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stockes (RANS) equations was developed to account for the effects of wave-induced turbulence on the coastal embankment and canal. In this study, a NEWFLUME model is applied to simulate the recent Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami 2011 along the coast of Sendai. Numerical results revealed that the Kita-Teizan Canal which is parallel with the shoreline of Sendai coast has reduced the energy of tsunami. In addition, estimated time of tsunami arrival was delayed due to the effect of canal comparison with the case without canal. Overall, the results of this research show that the effectiveness of the canal which is parallel to the shoreline in terms of multiple defence against largest tsunami.
File Size : 1,587,456 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 20/07/2016
Download Now