IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013) : THEME 9 - SPECIAL SEMINARS : The Dilemma of the Nile Transboundary Water and the Way Forward
The Dilemma of the Nile Transboundary Water and the Way Forward
Author : Abdalla Abdelsalam Ahmed
The Nile River Basin (NB) is considered as one of the most important basins in Africa, as over 33% of the African population lives in its riparian countries. Out of the latter about 50% people live in the NB. In this paper a historical background on the NB cooperation evolvement including the recent NB Initiative (NBI) is briefly reported. The natural and human challenges facing the Nile water management are examined and discussed. The present dilemma among the Nile riparian countries is highlighted, and its reasons are explained. The latter includes the NB Cooperative Framework Agreement (CFA), which has been signed by six countries (Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) while rejected by Egypt, Sudan and not signed by DR of Congo. Eretria and the newly established country ?South Sudan? stands are not yet clear. Based on scientific methodology and analytical discussion, a number of solutions for better management of the trans-boundary Nile waters are drawn; taking into consideration the experiences of other international rivers shared basins. Finally the paper concludes with recommendations and guidelines that may help in the way forward.
File Size : 578,116 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 35th IAHR Congress - Chengdu (2013)
Date Published : 20/07/2016
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