IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
Log On
About IAHRDirectoryCommitteesMy IAHRNews & JournalseLibraryeShopEventsJoin IAHRWorld CongressDonate
spacer.gif eLibrary
spacer.gif eLibrary
You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011) : THEME 5: Environmental Hydraulics and Hydrology : Detached hydraulic jump upstream a fixed obstacle in supercritical flow
Detached hydraulic jump upstream a fixed obstacle in supercritical flow
Author : E. Mignot, N. Riviere and K. Chakraverty
We characterize the interaction of a supercritical open channel flow with an emerged obstacle. A detached hydraulic jump and a horseshoe vortex are observed upstream from the obstacle. For turbulent inflow conditions, the so-called “Breaking” flow type takes place and the jump detachment length is larger than the horseshoe vortex detachment. The jump curve is hyperbolic as showed in aerodynamics while the horseshoe vortex curve is elliptic. In the present paper we focus on the detachment length of the hydraulic jump. In a first step, we experimentally reveal the influence of the flow and obstacle parameters on the detachment length. In a second step, we investigate the effect of the horseshoe vortex by removing it artificially in 3D numerical calculations with the use of a slip condition on the bottom. Finally, in a third step, we adapt an analytical model initially developed for predicting the shock wave location in supersonic aerodynamic flows to the present configuration and compare the prediction of the detachment length with the measured and computed lengths.
File Size : 513,411 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 34th Congress - Brisbane (2011)
Article : THEME 5: Environmental Hydraulics and Hydrology
Date Published : 01/07/2011
Download Now