IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007) : THEME A: Engineering and Management of Fresh-water Systems : A study on multiplication of phytoplankton under operation of nagara rivermouth barrage
A study on multiplication of phytoplankton under operation of nagara rivermouth barrage
Author : Takeshi TAKEMURA, Jiro MARUYAMA , Masanori NAKAI and Masamitsu ARITA(
Nagara rivermouth barrage is located at a 5.4km upstream from the rivermouth and its upstream reach is changed to a reservoir-like area. Oxygen-deficient water masses appear in the bottom layer and deterioration of native habitats reduces biodiversity. One of the reasons for the large environmental degradation has been attributed to great multiplication of phytoplankton after operation of Nagara rivermouth barrage. An analysis was carried out with the monitoring data to investigate the production process of phytoplankton in the upstream reach of the barrage. The aims of this study are the following two. One is clarification of the production process of phytoplankton, and the other is a quantitative evaluation of main environmental impact factors (water temperature, intensity of solar radiation and amounts of dissolved inorganic nutrients) connected with multiplication of phytoplankton. The results revealed that there were two kinds in the production process of phytoplankton. Pattern A is large self-multiplication of phytoplankton in the flow-down and Pattern B is movement of phytoplankton masses with high concentration. The appearance conditions of amounts of dissolved inorganic nutrients (for nitrogen and phosphorus) for Pattern A at St. Nagara were given by PO4-P(N) / T-P(N) ≥ 0.622 and DIN(N) / T-N(N) ≥0.845. In addition, the conditions of water temperature and accumulated intensity of solar radiation were more than 22 C (at St. Ise) and 20 MJ/m2 (in flow-down), respectively. Thus, Pattern A appears under the conditions of sufficient amounts of dissolved inorganic nutrients (DIN, PO4-P), high water temperature and intensity of solar radiation, and a medium river flow rate (90-180 m3/s).
File Size : 313,035 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007)
Article : THEME A: Engineering and Management of Fresh-water Systems
Date Published : 01/07/2007
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