IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007) : THEME B: Data Acquisition and Processing For Scientific Knowledge and Public Awareness. : Transport of metals in storm water runoff
Transport of metals in storm water runoff
Author : Gnecco Ilaria, Lanza Luca G. , Sansalone John J.
This paper focuses on the urban environment and investigates the interactions between hydrologic processes and the production of pollutants in storm runoff. Experimental data for this study were obtained during a monitoring campaign carried out to characterise stormwater runoff quality from impervious surfaces that are subject to different land uses. The relevance of heavy metals emerges in particular for zinc, copper and lead, whose total concentration may reach the order of magnitude of 1 mg/l. In an aqueous environment, metals partition between the dissolved and particulate-bound phases and they can cause acute or chronic toxicity effects to the aquatic ecosystem depending on their associated phases. Therefore metals partition and speciation provide relevant information about their toxicity, bioavailability and mobility. The partitioning of metals between the dissolved and particulatebound fraction and the speciation of their dissolved fraction in storm runoff are examined in this paper. The dissolved metal fraction fd and the equilibrium partitioning coefficient Kd are evaluated for various monitored events. The thermodynamic equilibrium model MINTEQ is used to determine the distribution between the various species and its evolution during the rainfall-runoff event, thus relating the hydrological aspects and the specific environmental conditions to the dominant species of zinc, copper and lead.
File Size : 445,192 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007)
Article : THEME B: Data Acquisition and Processing For Scientific Knowledge and Public Awareness.
Date Published : 01/07/2007
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