IAHR, founded in 1935, is a worldwide independent member-based organisation of engineers and water specialists working in fields related to the hydro-environmental sciences and their practical application. Activities range from river and maritime hydraulics to water resources development and eco-hydraulics, through to ice engineering, hydroinformatics, and hydraulic machinery.
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You are here : eLibrary : IAHR World Congress Proceedings : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007) : THEME C: Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics : The development of the rotary hydraulic pressure machine
The development of the rotary hydraulic pressure machine
Author : James Senior, Dr. Gerald Müller, Patrick Wiemann
There currently exists a demand for economical hydro-electric machinery that operates at low heads and moderate flows; sites where the drop from a higher water level to a lower one is quite small, in the order of 1-3 m, with flows between 5 m3/s and 15 m3/s. The economics which determine a machine’s viability are a function of its size and complexity, its efficiency characteristics and its power output. This paper analyses the Staudruckmaschine (SDM) in detail using scale model tests. These tests found that the SDM had many deficiencies resulting in unnecessarily low efficiencies and flow capacity, which is the volume of water which the wheel can process per second per metre width. The scale model tests also aided the development of a new detailed theory of operation for wheels operated by hydraulic pressure. Significant modifications are then proposed for the SDM to address its deficiencies. These revise its channel design, blade shape, and support structure. The result is effectively a new machine, the Rotary Hydraulic Pressure Machine (RHPM), which is expected to have over 20 % higher efficiency, greater flow capacity and smoother operation than the SDM. The RHPM can be built at any site; however it is especially suitable for incorporation into existing weir structures with minimal modifications being required to the weir structure itself. Furthermore, the RHPM is unlike most conventional rotodynamic machines as it is symmetrical and therefore fully reversible. This property means it also has potential application in tidal flow environments.
File Size : 1,015,487 bytes
File Type : Adobe Acrobat Document
Chapter : IAHR World Congress Proceedings
Category : 32nd Congress - Venice (2007)
Article : THEME C: Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics
Date Published : 01/07/2007
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